Sir Donald Bradman's 1936-37 team are the only Ashes side in history to come back from 2-0 down to win a series, and despite their fighting comeback in the second Test, England are now hanging on for dear life after Australia ultimately romped to a convincing 120-run win.
England entered the final day 178 runs from victory with six wickets in hand after a dramatic momentum switch on Tuesday.
The victory gives Australia a 2-0 lead vs England.
Josh Hazlewood set the tone with a very early double strike to start the final day of the Test, while Mitch Starc mopped up the tail with the second new ball.
GETTY IMAGES THROUGH THE GATE Jonny Bairstow is bowled by Mitchell Starc
It was to the third session that Australia's quicks would have been looking to make serious inroads into the England batting, however, and when James Vince was quickly caught in the slips off Mitchell Starc for 15, it looked to be going to plan.
Woakes was given out caught behind to the second ball of the day, with his DRS review proving inconclusive.
In the end, it's Smith who has escaped without damage over his decision not to enforce the follow-on, and Root who will forever be linked with the controversial call to win the toss and bowl.
The winning moment for Australia!
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But Hazlewood enticed a bottom edge and wicketkeeper Tim Paine did the rest to the unrestrained glee of the Australian team.
Since potentially jeopardising a 215-run innings lead to invite England back into the game, Australia and in particular captain Smith have appeared to be carrying the weight of the world on their shoulders.
Craig Overton stayed around for 39 minutes before he fell lbw to a Starc inswinger for seven with the first delivery of the second new ball.
Hazlewood then further dented England when he removed Joe Root (67) in his next over.
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"I didn't think it would happen that quickly".
"I thought they came out and showed some really good character this morning".
And Moeen, suffering a miserable series with bat and ball, was soon lbw for two as he botched an attempted sweep - Lyon snaring him for a fourth successive innings. However, England could add only 47 runs on the fifth day as they lost six wickets. If you get enough balls in the right areas you get rewards'.
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