Today's Google Doodle is celebrating physicist and mathematician Max Born's 135th birth anniversary. He is well-known for discovering one of the most important principles of quantum mechanics, so Google made a decision to celebrate his 135 birthday accordingly. Quantum mechanics is a branch of physics that examines nature at the atomic level. This principle is based on probabilities, which are used for the prediction of a particle's location in a quantum system. He won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics for his fundamental research in Quantum Mechanics in the form of statistical interpretation of the wave function. After completing Ph.D. from Göttingen University, Max Born became a professor of theoretical physics. Born began his research on four-dimensional space-time along with Professor Hermann Minkowski as he Inspired by Albert Einstien's research. To do it, researchers only needed a series of numbers arranged in columns and rows, which is also known as a matrix.
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Born rule provides a link between the mathematical formalism of quantum theory and experiment, and as such is nearly single-handedly responsible for practically all predictions of quantum physics, according to N P Landsman, Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics, and Particle Physics, Radboud University Nijmegen, according to an article on The Hindu.
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Max Born discovered the rule which now bears his name. He collaborated with, and mentored some of the most famous scientists of the time. He also formulated the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, saying that the movement of nuclei and electrons in an atom can easily be separated.
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Unfortunately, with the rise of Nazism in Germany, Dr Born was forced to escape from Germany in 1933 and emigrate to Britain. In 1933 he was forced to flee Germany for England, where he served as the Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh for almost two decades until his retirement in 1954 when he returned home to Göttingen.